FAMOUS INVENTORS & INVENTIONS

FAMOUS INVENTORS & INVENTIONS

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine. Diesel understood thermodynamics and the theoretical and practical constraints on fuel efficiency. He knew that even very good steam engines are only 10-15% thermodynamically efficient, which means that up to 90% of the energy available in the fuel is wasted. His work in engine design was driven by the goal of much higher efficiency ratios. He tried to design an engine based on the Carnot Cycle. However, he gave up on this and tried to develop his own approach. Eventually he designed his own engine and obtained a patent for his design. In his engine, fuel was injected at the end of compression and the fuel was ignited by the high temperature resulting from compression (source: wikipedia.org)

LIST OF WELL-KNOWN INVENTIONS THROUGH TIME

FAMOUS INVENTORS FROM 1850 TO 1899

1. Inventors 1850 - 1899 (birth dates)

Irving Langmuir
(1851-1957)
American
gas filled incandescent light bulb - hydrogen welding

David Schwarz
(1852-1897)
Croatia
rigid ship later called Zeppelin

Janos Csonka
(1852-1939)
Hungarian
co-inventor of carburetor

Johan Petter Johansson
(1853-1943)
Swedish
the pipe wrench and the modern adjustable spanner

George Eastman
(1854-1932)
American
film-roll

Miksa Deri

(1854-1938)
Hungarian
co-inventor of transformer

Jonas Wenstrom
(1855-1893)
Swedish
the three-phase electrical system

William Friese-Greene
(1855-1921)
British
cinematography

Joseph Day
(1855-1946)
British
the crankcase compression two stroke engine

Granville Woods
(1856-1910)
American
the Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph

Nikola Tesla
(1856-1943)
Serbian-Croatian-American
the Tesla Coil and inventor of the induction motor, alternating current polyphase power distribution system, wireless communication, robotics, logic gates, the bladeless turbine, radio, VTOL aircraft, etc.

Rune Elmqvist
(1857-1924)
Swedish
implantable pacemaker

John J. Montgomery
(1858-1911)
American
heavier-than-air gliders

Rudolf Diesel
(1858-1913)
German
Diesel engine

Mihajlo Pupin
(1858-1935)
Serbia
pupinisation tunable oscillator - Pupin coil

Chester Greenwood
(1858-1937)
American
thermal earmuffs

Carl Rickard Nyberg
(1858-1939)
Swedish
the blowtorch

Elmer R. Gates
(1859-1923)
American
foam fire extinguisher - electric loom mechanisms - magnetic & diamagnetic separators - educational toy (box & blocks)

Aurel Stodola
(1859-1942)
Slovakian
gas turbines

Willem Einthoven
(1860-1927)
Dutch
the electrocardiogram

Elmer Ambrose Sperry
(1860-1930)
American
gyroscope-guided automatic pilot

William Kennedy Laurie Dickson
(1860-1935)
British
motion picture camera

Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist
(1862-1931)
Swedish
Kerosene stove operated by compressed air

Arthur Wynne
(1862-1945)
British
creator of crossword puzzle

Frank Hornby
(1863-1936)
British
invented Meccano

Jozef Murgas
(1864-1929)
Slovakian
inventor of the wireless telegraph (forerunner of the radio)

Carl Edvard Johansson
(1864-1943)
Swedish
Gauge blocks

Reginald Fessenden
(1866-1932)
Canadian
two-way radio

Jacob Davis
(1868-1908)
American
riveted jeans

Gustaf Dalen
(1869-1937)
Swedish
invented the AGA Lighthouse

Georges Claude
(1870-1960)
French
neon lamp

Slavoljub Eduard Penkala
(1871-1922)
Croatia
mechanical pencil

The Wright brothers
(1871-1948)
American powered aeroplane

Gleb Kotelnikov
(1872-1944)
Russia
knapsack parachute

Jan Jansky
(1873-1921)
Czech
discoverer of blood types

Alberto Santos-Dumont
(1873-1932)
Brazil
non-rigid airship and airplane

Karl Jatho
(1873-1933)
German
aeroplane

Lee DeForest
(1873-1961)
American
triode

Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev
(1874-1934)
Russia
synthetic rubber

Guglielmo Marconi
(1874-1937)
Italian
radio

Charles F. Kettering
(1876-1958)
American
invented automobile self-starter ignition - Freon ethyl gasoline and more

Ole Evinrude
(1877-1934)
Norway
outboard motor

Garrett A. Morgan
(1877-1963)
American
inventor of the gas mask - traffic signal.

Bela Schick
(1877-1967)
Hungarian
diphtheria test

Glenn Curtiss
(1878 - 1930)
American
ailerons

Christian Schnabel

(1878-1936) German
designed simplistic food cutleries

A. Baldwin Wood
(1879-1956)
American
inventor & engineer

Fritz Klatte
(1880-1934)
German
vinyl chloride - forerunner to polyvinyl chloride

Alexander Fleming
(1881-1955)
Scottish
penicillin

Albert Fono
(1881-1972)
Hungarian
jet propulsion engine

Robert Goddard
(1882-1945)
American
liquid fuel rocket

Archibald Low
(1882-1956)
Britain
Pioneer of radio guidance systems

George de Hevesy
(1885-1966)
Hungarian
radioactive tracer

Hidetsugu Yagi
(1886-1976)
Japanese
Yagi antenna

Barnes Wallis
(1887-1979)
British
bouncing bomb

John Logie Baird
(1888-1946)
British
a working television

Charles Brace Darrow
(1889-1967)

American
Monopoly

Igor Sikorsky
(1889-1972)
Britishraine
helicopter

Olivia Poole
(1889-1975)
American
the Jolly Jumper baby harness

Edwin H. Armstrong
(1890-1954)
American
the FM radio

Robert Watson-Watt
(1892-1973)
Scottish
microwave radar

Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
(1893-1986)
Hungarian
discoverer of Vitamin C

Hassan Kamel Al-Sabbah
(1895-1935)
Lebanon
solar power - cathode ray tube

Juan de la Cierva
(1895-1936)
Spanish
the autogyro

Alfred Traeger
(1895-1980)
Australia
the pedal radio

Buckminster Fuller
(1895-1983)
American
geodesic dome

Kalman Tihanyi
(1897-1947)
Hungarian
co-inventor of cathode ray tube and iconoscope

Gyorgy Jendrassik
(1898-1954)
Hungarian
turboprop

Baltzar von Platen
(1898-1984)
Swedish
refrigerator

Richard Drew
(1899-1980)
American
Sticky Tape

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