FAMOUS INVENTIONS 2 : 1891 - 1987

FAMOUS INVENTIONS 1 : 1891 - 1987

Inventions get out into the world in different ways. Some are sold, licensed or given away as products or services. Simply exhibiting visual art, playing music or having a performance gets many artistic inventions out into the world. Believing in the success of an invention can involve risk, so it can be difficult to obtain support and funding. Grants, inventor associations, clubs and business incubators can provide the mentoring, skills and resources some inventors need. Success at getting an invention out into the world often requires passion for it and good entrepreneurial skills. In economic theory, inventions are one of the chief examples of "positive externalities", a beneficial side-effect that falls on those outside a transaction or activity. One of the central concepts of economics is that externalities should be internalized-unless some of the benefits of this positive externality can be captured by the parties, the parties will be under-rewarded for their inventions, and systematic under-rewarding will lead to under-investment in activities that lead to inventions. The patent system captures those positive externalities for the inventor or other patent owner, so that the economy as a whole will invest a more-closely-optimum amount of resources in the process of invention (source: wikipedia.org)

Part 2 list of famous inventions

This is part 2 of a list of famous inventions between 1891 and 1987

  • 1891  escalator   Jesse W. Reno   American
  • 1891  zipper   Whitcomb L. Judson   American
  • 1892  automobile (gasoline)   Charles E. Duryea & J. Frank Duryea   American
  • 1893  moving picture viewer   Thomas A. Edison   American
  • 1894  motion picture projector   Charles F. Jenkins   American
  • 1894  submarine   Simon Lake   American
  • 1895  diesel engine   Rudolf Diesel   German
  • 1895  X ray   Wilhelm Roentgen   German
  • 1899  tape recorder   Valdemar Poulsen   Denmark
  • 1901  washing machine   Langmuir Fisher   American
  • 1903  propeller airplane   Orville & Wilbur Wright   American
  • 1903  windshield wipers   Mary Anderson   American
  • 1907  vacuum cleaner   J. Murray Spangler   American
  • 1911  air conditioning   Willis H. Carrier   American
  • 1913  modern radio receiver   Reginald A. Fessenden   American
  • 1922  insulin   Sir Frederick G. Banting   Canada
  • 1923  television*   Vladimir K. Zworykin*   American
  • 1924  frozen packaged food   Clarence Birdseye   American
  • 1926  rocket engine   Robert H. Goddard   American
  • 1929  penicillin   Alexander Fleming   Scotish
  • 1930  cyclotron (atom smasher)   Ernest O. Lawrence   American
  • 1937  xerography copies   Chester Carlson   American
  • 1939  helicopter   Igor Sikorsky   American
  • 1939  jet airplane   Hans von Ohain   German
  • 1942  electronic computer   John V. Atanasoff & Clifford Berry   American
  • 1943  Aqua Lung   Jacques-Yves Cousteau & Emile Gagnan   French
  • 1944  auto sequence computer   Howard H. Aiken   American
  • 1947  microwave oven   Percy L. Spencer   American
  • 1947  transistor   William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain, & John Bardeen   American
  • 1948  Velcro   Georges de Mestral   Suisse
  • 1953  bathyscaphe   August Piccard   French
  • 1954  antibiotic for fungal diseases   Rachel F. Brown & Elizabeth L. Hazen   American
  • 1955  fiber optics   Narinder S. Kapany   British
  • 1955  polio vaccine   Jonas E. Salk   American
  • 1963  audiocassette   Phillips Corporation   Dutch
  • 1963  pop-top can   Ermal C. Fraze   American
  • 1963  steel tennis racquet   Rene Lacoste   French
  • 1965  word processor   International Business Machines Corp.   American
  • 1969  cash machine (ATM)   Don Wetzel   American
  • 1969  videotape cassette   Sony   Japan
  • 1971  food processor   Pierre Verdon   French
  • 1972  compact disc (CD)   RCA   American
  • 1972  video game (Pong)   Noland Bushnell   American
  • 1973  CAT scanner   Godfrey N. Hounsfield   British
  • 1977  space shuttle   NASA   U.S
  • 1979  cellular telephone   Ericsson Company   Sweden
  • 1979  Walkman   Sony   Japanese
  • 1980  Post-its   3M Company   American
  • 1980  Rollerblades   Scott Olson   American
  • 1981  Polartec fabric   Malden Mills   American
  • 1983  minivan   Chrysler   American
  • 1987  electronic pocket calculator   Sir Clive Sinclair   British
  • 1987  meningitis vaccine   Connaught Lab   American

Click for Famous inventions Part One