Easter for Orthodox and in Judaism

Easter in Christianity explained


Easter retains great importance for Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches. For Eastern Orthodox Christians, there is an important procession which symbolizes the failed search for the body of Jesus, followed a return to the church where lit candles symbolize Jesus' resurrection. Orthodox Easter and Christian Easter celebrations practically never fall on the same day, because the Orthodox Church uses the Julian calendar when calculating Easter.

Many Protestant churches hold interdenominational services in order to focus on the unity of all Christians and as part of a culmination of special church services throughout Holy Week.


Passover celebrates the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. During the Seder ('order' in the Hebrew language) banquet, the Haggadah is read which reenacts the journey.

Passover always begins on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan. Like all Jewish holidays, Passover begins the evening before.

Biblically, Pesach lasts for seven days, but, since Rabbinic times, many communities observe eight days. The prohibition against eating leavened foods lasts until sundown after the final day of the holiday.

Eating specific foodstuffs is an important part of the celebration, with different foods representing historical events.

Matzoh: as a reminder of the haste with which the Israelites fled Egypt, leaving no time for dough to rise.
Maror: bitter herbs, used to symbolize the bitterness of slavery

Charoses: a mixture of apples, nuts, wine, and cinnamon, as a reminder of the mortar used by the Jews in the construction of buildings as slaves
Beitzah: a roasted egg, as a symbol of life and the perpetuation of existence

Karpas: a vegetable (parsley or celery), representing hope and redemption, served with a bowl of salted water to represent the tears shed

Zeroah: traditionally a piece of roasted lamb shankbone, symbolizing the paschal sacrificial offering

Wine: four glasses of wine to represent the four-fold promise of redemption, with a special glass left for Elijah the prophet

Easter in Christianity

Easter dates up to 2040