Earthquakes database

List of earthquakes that occured in the past 2000 years

An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. Earthquakes are measured using observations from seismometers.

The moment magnitude is the most common scale on which earthquakes larger than approximately 5 are reported for the entire globe. The more numerous earthquakes smaller than magnitude 5 reported by national seismological observatories are measured mostly on the local magnitude scale, also referred to as the Richter scale. These two scales are numerically similar over their range of validity. Magnitude 3 or lower earthquakes are mostly almost imperceptible and magnitude 7 and over potentially cause serious damage over large areas, depending on their depth. The largest earthquakes in historic times have been of magnitude slightly over 9, although there is no limit to the possible magnitude. The most recent large earthquake of magnitude 9.0 or larger was a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in Japan in 2011 (as of March 2011), and it was the largest Japanese earthquake since records began (source: wikipedia.org)

List of earthquakes Part 1: 365 to 1865

21 July 365 Alexandria hit by Earthquake about 50,000 die
20 May 526 Earthquake kills 250,000 in Antioch, Syria
29 May 526 Antioch struck by Earthquake about 250,000 die
11 October 1138 Earthquake in Aleppo (Syria) 230.000 victims
27 September 1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, kills 100,000
20 May 1293 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
25 January 1348 Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000
18 October 1356 Earthquake in Basel (Switzerland) 300 victims
5 December 1456 Earthquake strikes Naples about 35,000 die
26 January 1531 Lisbon hit by Earthquake about 30,000 die
26 February 1531 Earthquake in Lisbon Spain, kills 20,000-30,000
24 January 1556 Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
6 April 1580 Dover Straits Earthquake (England) estimated 5.9
8 June 1624 Earthquake strikes Peru
30 July 1626 Earthquake hits Naples 10,000 die
1 June 1638 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
13 May 1643 Santiago Chile - kills 1/3 of population
31 March 1651 Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru
6 January 1663 Great earthquake in New England
5 February 1663 Earthquake in Canada
22 December 1689 Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck
7 June 1692 Earthquake in Porte Royale, Jamaica, kills 3,000
26 January 1700 Earthquake in Cascadia 9.2
30 December 1703 Tokyo hit by Earthquake about 37,000 die
29 October 1727 Severe earthquake in New England
30 November 1731 Beijing hit by Earthquake about 100,000 die
11 October 1737 kills 300,000 & destroys part of Calcutta India
16 October 1737 Earthquake in Kamchatka 9.3
28 October 1746 Lima & Callao demolished, 18,000 die
8 February 1750 Minor earthquake in London
1 November 1755 Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
31 October 1759 Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred
5 February 1783 Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
4 February 1797 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
26 July 1805 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake about 26,000 die
16 November 1811 Missouri - Mississippi River flows backwards!
15 December 1811 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri
16 December 1811 8.0 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
23 January 1812 7.8 New Madrid, Missouri
7 February 1812 8.2 New Madrid, Missouri
26 March 1812 destroys 90% of Caracas about 20,000 die
25 May 1812 destroys Caracas Venezuela
10 August 1822 Antioch Syria, about 20,000 die
28 December 1828 6.8 Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed
20 February 1835 Concepcion, Chile 5,000 die
22 January 1837 Southern Syria kills thousands
11 January 1839 Martinique, destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
16 April 1854 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
9 January 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon Calif
21 March 1857 Earthquake hits Tokyo about 107,000 die
16 December 1857 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
8 October 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains

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