FAMOUS INVENTIONS

LIST OF WELL-KNOWN INVENTIONS THROUGH TIME

Jack St. Clair Kilby was a Nobel Prize laureate in physics in 2000 for his invention of the integrated circuit in 1958 while working at Texas Instruments (TI). He is also the inventor of the handheld calculator and thermal printer.

In mid-1958, Kilby was a newly employed engineer at Texas Instruments who did not yet have the right to a summer vacation. He spent the summer working on the problem in circuit design that was commonly called the "tyranny of numbers" and finally came to the conclusion that manufacturing the circuit components en masse in a single piece of semiconductor material could provide a solution. On September 12 he presented his findings to the management, which included Mark Shepherd: he showed them a piece of germanium with an oscilloscope attached, pressed a switch, and the oscilloscope showed a continuous sine wave, proving that his integrated circuit worked and thus that he solved the problem (source: wikipedia.org)

FAMOUS INVENTORS FROM 1900 TO 1949

This list is especially useful for those arguments regarding which invention was invented 'when' and by whom? ;-)

1. Inventors 1900 - 1949 (birth dates)

Dennis Gabor
(1900-1979)
Hungarian
holography

Leighton A. Wilkie
(1900-1993)
American
the metal-cutting band saw (contour band machine)

Enrico Fermi
(1901-1954
Italian
nuclear reactor

Rudolf Hell
(1901-2002)
German
the Hellschreiber

John von Neumann (Janos Neumann)
(1903-1957)
Hungarian
Von Neumann computer architecture

Franc Trkman
(1903-1978)
Slovenia
electrical switches - accessories for opening windows

John Vincent Atanasoff
(1903-1995)
American
modern programmable computer

J. Robert Oppenheimer
(1904-1967)
American
the father of the atomic bomb

Arthur M. Young
(1905-1995)
American
the Bell Helicopter

Philo Farnsworth
(1906-1971)
American
electronic television

Peter Carl Goldmark
(1906-1977)
Hungarian
vinyl record (LP)

Victor Hasselblad
(1906-1978)
Swedish
invented the 6 x 6 cm single-lens reflex camera

Ivan Knunyants
(1906-1990)
British
invented Nylon-6

Frank Whittle
(1907-1996)
British
co-inventor of the jet engine

Holger Crafoord
(1908-1982)
Swedish
inventor of the artificial kidney

Edward Teller (Ede Teller)
(1908-2003)
Hungarian
hydrogen bomb

Edwin H. Land
(1909-1991)
American
Polaroid polarizing filters and the Land Camera

William Bradford Shockley
(1910-1989)
American
co-inventor of transistor

Jacques Cousteau
(1910-1997)
French
co-inventor of the aqualung and the Nikonos underwater camera

Christopher Cockerell
(1910-1999)
British
hovercraft

Willem Johan Kolff
(1911-xxxx)
Dutch
artificial kidney hemodialysis machine

Alan Turing
(1912-1954)
British
the Turing machine

Otto Wichterle
(1913-1989)
Czech
invented modern contact lenses

Hedy Lamarr
(1913-2000)
Austria and American
Spread spectrum radio

Peter Petroff
(1919-2004)
Bulgaria
digital wrist watch heart monitor - weather instruments

Gordon Gould
(1920-2005)
American
co-inventor of laser

Paul Winchell
(1922-2005)
American
the artificial heart

Ralph Baer
(1922-xxxx)
German/American
the home video game console

Jack Kilby
(1923-2005)
American
patented the first integrated circuit

Stephanie Kwolek
(1923-xxxx)
American
Kevlar

Bette Nesmith Graham
(1924-1980)
American
Liquid Paper

Louis R. Vitullo
(1924-2006)
United States
" developed the first ""sexual assault evidence kit"""

Douglas Engelbart
(1925-xxxx)
American
computer mouse

John George Kemeny
(1926-1992)
Hungarian
co-inventor of BASIC

Erna Schneider Hoover
(1926-xxxx)
American
computerized telephone switching system

Jun-Ichi Nishizawa
(1926-xxxx)
Japanese
Optical communication system - SIT/SITh (Static Induction Transistor/Thyristor) - PIN diode - Laser diode

Lewis Urry
(1927-2004)
Canadian
long-lasting alkaline battery

Yoshiro Nakamatsu
(1928-xxxx)
Japanese
Floppy disk (world record holder for over 3000 patented inventions)

Spede Pasanen
(1930-2001)
Finland
The ski jumping sling

Robert Moog
(1934-2005)
American
the Moog synthesizer

James Fergason
(1934-xxxx)
American
improved liquid crystal display

Avram Hershko
(1937-xxxx)
Hungarian
Ubiquitin

Sumio Iijima
(1939-xxxx)
Japanese
nanotubes

Haakan Lans
(1942-xxxx)
Swedish
STDMA datalink (Self organising Time Division Multiple Access) - colour computer graphics

William H. Dobelle
(1943-2004)
United States
first functioning artificial eye

Erno Rubik
(1944-xxxx)
Hungarian
Rubik's cube - Rubik's Magic and Rubik's Clock

Andreas Pavel
(1945-xxxx)
German
the walkman

Isidor Sauers
(1948-xxxx)
Austrian/American
inventor of a process for measuring the degradation of SF6 in high-voltage systems

Charles Simonyi
(1948-xxxx)
Hungarian
Hungarian notation


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